Percussion Instruments

The drum is a member of the percussion group of musical instruments. Drum consists of at least one membrane, but to make a sound you need a drumstick. You can also use your hands to play it. In the past drums have been used for communication and in the army, too.

Keyboard instruments

   The piano is one of the most popular instruments in the world.  Some of his parts are a lid, a keyboard, strings and pedals. It is also very expensive and very heavy.

      The organ is a keyboard instrument and to play it you have to use your hands or your feet. It is relatively old musical instrument and it is often found in cathedrals. The world’s largest instrument is an organ in a cave in the USA.

Brass Instruments

French Horn 

The French Horn is often played with the right hand inside the bell. It is also said to be the most difficult instrument to play.


The trumpet plays high brassy notes. An optional mute can make the trumpet sound completely different. Many great jazz players have been trumpet players.


The tuba is the lowest instrument in the whole brass section. The tuba is used a lot in marches and other compositions where it is important to have a strong beat.


The trombone has the greatest note range out of all the brass because of its slide. The ‘bone is an essential part of any big band group.

Wind Instruments

The piccolo is the smaller relative of the flute. It is exactly the same but is a lot smaller than the flute and it has a higher pitch.

Flute The flute really isn’t a woodwind anymore, and is normally made of metal now. It produces very bright and joyful notes. 

The clarinet is a single reed instrument. It plays a wide range of music from classical to jazz. It also has a very wide range of notes that can be played.

The oboe looks very similar to the clarinet except for the fact that it has a double reed. The oboe is widely used in classical compositions.  

The saxophone is a single reed instrument. Depending on the player it can sound mellow or strong. It does everything from pop to big band to jazz but also has its place in classical music.


String Instruments

The violin is by far the most common orchestral instrument. It is also the smallest out of all the strings and has the highest pitch. This is usually the first choice of musicians who want to learn a string instrument (unless they have viola, cello, or bass friends).

The viola is slightly larger than the violin and has a deeper pitch in comparison. It is also in the “middle register” of the string family. Although not as popular as the violin, it is still a vital part of the orchestra.

The cello is still bigger than the violin and viola. It has a beautiful, mellow sound. The cello must rest on the floor because it is too big to be held like the violin or viola.

The bass is the biggest instrument in the string section. It also plays the widest assortment of music from classical to broadway to jazz. Although it appears the same size as the cello in the picture, it actually about 1 1/2 to 2 times taller.