The piccolo is the smaller relative of the flute. It is exactly the same but is a lot smaller than the flute and it has a higher pitch.
Flute The flute really isn’t a woodwind anymore, and is normally made of metal now. It produces very bright and joyful notes.
The clarinet is a single reed instrument. It plays a wide range of music from classical to jazz. It also has a very wide range of notes that can be played.
The oboe looks very similar to the clarinet except for the fact that it has a double reed. The oboe is widely used in classical compositions.
The saxophone is a single reed instrument. Depending on the player it can sound mellow or strong. It does everything from pop to big band to jazz but also has its place in classical music.